Yifat Fishman Illustrations & Thoughts


Sky and a lot more sky

A quick update on what I’ve been up to and showing some work progress.


My work suffered due to winter sicknesses and school break, but it was on my mind during that time. I was able to print a successful trial print of the woods, after which I started thinking about painting the sky above the trees. I tried different watercolor techniques, and also watched YouTube clips to get some ideas of how to create a picture of the sky in watercolors.
This was the subsequent painting


After a day or so the painting seemed too nice and, bearing in mind that it was just the first attempt at painting sky and woods background, I had to ask myself if I wanted to follow that direction. And so during my kid’s school break I kept thinking about the sky painting that would work for me. At the end I felt that the sky should be loosely painted so that it would appear light and playful. Easily said than done!
Here are the sketches that I’m willing to share, you can only imagine what the others looked like, but probably shouldn’t . . . They do get better toward the end.





Another thing I should probably mention is color choices. Between turquoise and cerulean blue I ended up mixing my own sky color.
And so the painting I liked most is pinned to the cork board above my table, and to the top of this post . . . and I can finally move on to printing.


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Pacing bears

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What’s behind this illustrator’s artistic choices? Let’s share some ins and outs of picture book making. When drafting my storyboard I planned ten spreads of full page illustrations, that is one large picture painted on two joined pages. And five spreads with spot illustrations, which means two pages featuring an assembly of several small scenes. Like this one, and the one below:

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When there’s a lot to say visually I may chose to break a scene into several small pictures. Perhaps I want to show that the character is doing more than one thing at the same time, or show a sequence of events that are connected, and since there is a limited number of pages in a book those events will group together on one spread.
Also there is the matter of pacing, which is a prominent element of a picture book. Several small scenes on one spread will read slower than one large scene. They may serve in building up anticipation to whatever happens next. They may create a sense of urgency or tension. And then the next page may be a full spread where the riddle is solved or possibly something big or dramatic will happen that is a result of the former hyperactive spread.

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Bears are back on track

2014-09-16 13.39.55-2I am currently working on the first pages of the book. With the numerous teddy bears in this opening scene, drawing attention to the main character was challenging. She’ll jump to the front of the spread when the background will come out flat in the final print. I am hopping to achieve an interesting rendering of the bears as some will get printed while others will be illustrated in pen and watercolors. Also the color scheme as seen in the following picture will be almost monochromatic, apart from the girl and her beloved teddy.

2014-09-16 13.36.42-2And so I’ve prepared the linoleum block

2014-09-16 13.36.09-1I’m tempted to leave the linoleum block as is… Isn’t it pretty in brown, yellow and simple pencil lines? This humble start will inspire me to do a decent job on this block.

Trees Bees and Bears

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This picture started as a sketch, which could have led to any number of completed art in different artistic mediums. However, I wanted to print the background and trees so that they would seem flat and let the perspective and illustration of the characters play out. So next is the final print that required three linoleum blocks. One for the yellow background and two for the trees. The slightly off placement of the trees over the yellow field was created intentionally.

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I use Daniel Smith water based inks because my studio is located in my house and so I do not want to use colors that would smell badly, and I use the kitchen sink for cleaning the blocks and tools.
Next I drew the outlines, first in gentle pencil touches and then in brown ink with pen and fine brush.

And then I got very anxious over having to make color choices.

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Of course, I had a color scheme prepared way before getting to this stage. Not. In fact what I had was a good sense of how I wanted to color the girl and the little bear cub. For them I made preliminary colored sketches. But the little forest creatures, Mama bear and the teddy bear needed a lot of thinking while the final art was created because the decisions made at this point would apply for the rest of the book.

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Trees, Trees, Trees!

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The past two weeks were all about trees, trees, trees! I made two separate linoleum blocks of trees for one spread. Two, because working on 12×12 block is much easier than working on 18×24 block, as I tend to twirl it around while carving. Printing the blocks for the first time was amazing. Everything fell right into place!
Above is the (very crude) first print.  I also made a final print of the yellow background which I’m kind of saving for a later post when more details are ready. And if you’re interested in technical specks, my chosen paper was Arches, hot press watercolor paper 90 lb.

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After mentally approving the blocks I moved on to color. And since printing is more fun when I get to play a little with imperfect results that would tell a story about creating art, I set out to print the trees in two layers. Ah! but then color choices needed to be made and they should have enhanced each other. Below is a photo of some of the trial prints. I learned so much about color consistency that is just right for showing the fine details of the trees, and had fun mixing a myriad of hues with five ink tubes, one of which is a transparent medium.

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Making a Picture Book: Spread 10-11 Trial Prints

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Creating the background of an illustration by carving linoleum takes a lot of imagining and guessing of what the final print should look like. And that’s also part of the charm and reason for choosing this particular technique. Basically the linoleum block forms a negative image and whatever is left uncarved will get a coat of paint in the final stage of printing. So above is a trial print which turned out overall quite well… phew. The border lines of the images are crisp clear and the fine details of the bee swarm show nicely. I will make little changes to the teddy bear and the final print will not have these clear borders and will “spill” out to leave room for cutting in Photoshop. But I need to see a nice image so I fitted paper to the borders before applying the ink so that this trial print will look closer to what I had in mind.

Here’s the linoleum block:

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Choosing the right paper is tricky since I’m working with mixed media. Printing paper is smooth, watercolor paper is textured and the difference will create a grained, textured print or a smooth one, depending on the paper. Also the paper should be soft so that I can hand press it to the block and get all the fine details on print. I am still looking for the right kind of paper.

Here’s what the wall in front of my drawing desk looks like:

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Notice the little bear? He is not sure yet how he’d like to be pictured in the final art. So while working on printing the background I’m also thinking about color choices… And of the second layer of print that I should start carving next.